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Let us not forget that the dramatic height of the novel revolves around the horrific realization that Lydia, the youngest and silliest Bennett sister, may have pre-marital sex—and that if she does, the entire family will be destitute. Of course it is not Austen as much as the period in which she wrote that is the problem here.

Fifteen years old, Lydia is only saved from assured ruin through the help of a rich male benefactor, Mr. He acts not from any sense of morality or charity—he at first finds a possible association with Lydia so despicable as to prevent him proposing to her sister—but out of love for another, better-behaved woman and the need to protect his own reputation by association.

After her marriage, Lydia is all but ostracized by her father and her sisters simply because she has the audacity not to be ashamed. Bennet, who sent the notoriously flirtatious Lydia to spend poorly supervised months with a bunch of soldiers in the first place, is content to publicly cut ties with his daughter and her husband solely out of spite.

Her actions seem to be equally condemned by Austen—she and Mr. Wickham are acknowledged as a point of fact to be unhappy and unstable long term.

Pride and Prejudice

Though Lizzie and Jane advocate for Lydia, arguing the disavowal would only hurt the family more, it is largely for the sake of their mother, who persists in loving Lydia, who silly woman is proud of her daughter, that she is allowed to return home at all. Lydia is oblivious and vain, obviously, but the small, selfish idiocies of teenagers are deserving of light mockery and forgiveness, not permanent condemnation.

It is a path few other Austen parents take.

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That refusal to blame is not just kind but revolutionary. As the first rule of polite society is never to insult someone to their face, the family has little choice but to publicly endorse her felicity. She goes so far as to make peace with Wickham, who she worthily hates, solely to avoid any hint of a straightforward confrontation within the family. Because Lizzie at her core is absolutely traditional, as are her values and her limitations. She speaks in subtleties designed to amuse her allies and confuse her targets, not to openly challenge.

She is embarrassed by the shabbiness and flightiness of her relations and fears her association with them diminishes her worth. She succeeds in forging her path to happiness and prosperity, but it is a personal victory only, one that reinforces the oppressive system that she accepts without question.

Lydia soon writes to Elizabeth to congratulate her on her marriage and unsubtly asks whether Darcy might use his money and influence to further help Wickham. Elizabeth does not ask her husband, but both she and Jane send Lydia money from their private allowances.

Pride and Prejudice Summary and Analysis of Volume III, Chapters 11-18

Eventually, Caroline drops her resentful attitude of Darcy's marriage so that she can retain the right to visit Pemberley. Georgiana and Elizabeth grow very close and become very fond of one another. Although Darcy breaks off relations with Lady Catherine for a while, Elizabeth convinces him to attempt a reconciliation, and she eventually visits them. Darcy and Elizabeth remain on intimate terms with the Gardiners, whom they thank for having facilitated their union.

Having adequately foreshadowed the happy ending, Austen shuttles her plot forward to its conclusion. From Bingley's encounter with Elizabeth in the earlier section, it is clear that Bingley still cares for Jane, and Austen's use of dramatic irony has made it clear that Darcy and Elizabeth have always cared for one another. However, there have only been external obstacles keeping Bingley and Jane apart and the misunderstanding is quickly resolved.

Elizabeth and Darcy, however, face internal challenges: their own pride and prejudice. In these final chapters, Austen makes it extraordinarily clear that both characters have changed. Darcy's clear regard for the Gardiners is an external indication of his change, while Elizabeth's new timidity reveals her newfound shame. It is notable that Elizabeth becomes far less active in these final chapters, a shift that leads some critics to observe that the novel's second half is slower than the first.

However, the reason for Elizabeth's more tempered demeanor is that she is no longer so quick to jump to conclusions. Of course, that is not to say that Elizabeth has been entirely defanged. In fact, Lady Catherine's visit provides an indication that Elizabeth remains firmly convinced that personality and behavior are far more important than rank. While Mrs. Bennet is foolishly impressed at the wealthy woman's appearance, Elizabeth is quickly turned off by Lady Catherine's rudeness and snaps at her.

Ironically, Lady Catherine's attempt to prevent Elizabeth and Darcy's marriage only serves to facilitate it. This is no accident, because Elizabeth's willingness to attack pomposity is one of the qualities that drew Darcy to her in the first place. It is important that she indicates her love for him through an instance of that very tendency. Darcy's second proposal to Elizabeth serves to confirm how fully these two characters have been able to overcome their pride and prejudice. Darcy admits to Elizabeth that her reproofs to him in refusing her proposal, particularly her statement, "had you acted in a more gentlemanlike manner," affected him profoundly.

Darcy reveals that his upbringing has been the source of his pride. He learned to scorn everyone outside of his own social circle. It was only when Elizabeth pointed out his faults that he was able to recognize this aspect of his character. Darcy's progression is an example of Austen's Aristotelian ethics. Aristotle wrote that friends help each other to see and remedy their faults of character; friendships are important because they lead to improvement in both parties.

Elizabeth's liveliness of character counteracts Darcy's tendency to be overly serious, and his excellent education and superior knowledge of the world will prove to be highly beneficial for her, as well. In some ways, it is strange that Austen ends her novel with a line about the Gardiners. They do not become major characters until almost halfway through the novel, and we know far less about them than we do of even a character like Wickham.

And yet they provide a perfect vehicle through which Austen delivers her message: class is not as important as behavior. As working people who are firmly middle class, Darcy might have looked down upon the Gardiners early in the novel.

However, at the end, the Darcys treasure their relationship with the Gardiners most of all. The point is clear: they both emphasize quality of personality over the trappings of wealth. The happy ending also provides some argument that Austen's attitudes about class and women are not as progressive as some critics might like to believe.

Again, Austen clearly does not see class as the sole judge of a person's character, and yet she does posit it as a virtue by the end of the novel. She certainly approves of the education that money affords and the dignity of behavior it allows.

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Similarly, she never quite makes a statement about the unfairness of a woman's place in the world. By engineering an ending where the injustice of the entailment is avoided, Austen does not have to make any vaguely political statements. Instead, what concerns Austen is an individual's duty to him or herself.


Define civility in pride and prejudice who are the five daughters – tautab

In the end, Elizabeth and Jane end up happiest. These characters share is an unwillingness to compromise their principles. Lydia, who gives herself completely to frivolity and immorality, will have to live with a deceitful husband. Charlotte, who marries simply for pragmatic financial reasons, will have to bear the insufferable formality and long-windedness of Mr. Collins for the rest of her life. Ironically, Elizabeth and Jane end up with husbands who are both wealthy and suited to them precisely because they refuse to think of marriage as a business transaction or a mark of social status.

Instead, they determine what matters to them, and use that criteria to find the right husband. In this way, Austen ends her work with a firm optimism that a woman of a certain class, at least can manage the world's limitations through integrity and self-awareness. How does deminish the positive aspects of Darcy? Lady Catherine demands that Elizabeth stop seeing Mr.

Chapter 45

She says that Darcy and Miss De Bourgh were intended for each other since birth. She adds that this union will not be ruined by "a young woman of inferior birth, of no importance in the Darcy's estate in haste?

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